It's a surgery used to treat several diseases, injuries and defects in the neck, head, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the oral (mouth) and maxillofacial (face and jaws) region. It's a surgical specialty which is internationally recognized. An oral and maxillofacial surgeon is a specialist who treats the entire craniomaxillofacial complex which is the anatomical area of the jaws, mouth, face, skull as well as associated structures. Depending upon the jurisdiction, maxillofacial surgeons might require training in dentistry, surgery and general medicine, training and qualification in medicine might be undertaken optionally if not required.
Treatments might be carried on the craniomaxillofacial complex: jaws, mouth, face, neck, skull and include:
Surgery to insert osseointegrated (bone fused) dental implants and maxillofacial implants for attaching craniofacial prostheses and bone anchored hearing aids
Dentoalveolar surgery (surgery to get rid of impacted teeth, tough tooth extractions, extractions on medically compromised patients, bone grafting or preprosthetic surgery to provide better anatomy for the placements of implants, dentures or other dental prostheses)
Diagnosis and treatment of congenital craniofacial malformations such as cleft lip and palate and cranial vault malformations like craniosynostosis
Diagnosis and treatment of chronic facial pain disorders and of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders